Why water is a women’s issue.

700 million people do not have access to clean drinking water. 2.4 billion lack access to a toilet. This is a crisis. A global water and sanitation crisis. It affects billions of people in dire situations all over the world: men, women and children. However, it is mostly a women’s issue because the greatest impact is on women. There are some reasons why.

The first is time; the burden of time of women and girls collecting water and bringing it home. This happens in the majority of households in developing countries. Hours a day, miles a day, they go to places like creeks and collect enough water for their family’s survival. They even bring their babies and daughters, so they can fill their jerry cans too. It holds twenty liters. Not only is that heavy, but you must walk for miles till you reach your place of living.

Bilderesultat for water crisis jerry can

Picture borrowed from Inhabitat.com

On the handout “The Importance of Water”, ten-year-old Zambia tells her story about waking up before sunrise to fetch water for her sister, grandmother and herself. She dreams about going to school and becoming a doctor which has really changed my perspective on life for the better. It made me appreciate the fact that I can attend school every day and drink clean water from the sink without being afraid of my family members to get sick of various diseases.

In addition, lack of toilets and water at school puts girls’ education at risk.

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Picture borrowed from Factsanddetails.com

If my daughter had to walk for water day in and day out, I can’t imagine what this would do to her schooling. Nevertheless, carrying water is not the only thing that affects a female’s child learning. Most schools in developing countries don’t have access to reliable water or decent toilets. It means that girls, when they hit puberty, often drop out of school, because there is no place they can change pads. In several countries, it is unacceptable for women to relive themselves during the daytime. Thus, they are forced to wait until dark in fear of getting raped.

2030 is an important year. That is the year that 193 member states of the world have agreed upon to get water and toilets for everyone according to the United Nations General Assembly.

To help solve the global water and sanitation crisis is to share the virtues of toilets and taps and how they improve the quality of life, save life’s and help create livelihoods. I want to fast-forward to the future when no one has to die of bad water.

Sources:

“The Importance of Water” handout.

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/water-and-sanitation/

http://www.un.org/en/member-states/

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/lack-toilets-water-school-puts-girls-education-risk/

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/shail-khiyara/why-the-global-water-cris_b_12450260.html?guccounter=1

 

Human-induced climate change

Leaving the world a better place is one of my main ambitions whilst living. The Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations Development Programme – are a collection of 17 global targets. These are made to transform our world into a better place dealing with social and economic development issues, including hunger, education, environment and more. Thus, I find the targets inspiring and want to mention two of them. Both number 13 and 14 deal with the current climate change we are facing today and the destruction of life below water.

Starting with the first point, climate action, which takes urgent act to combat the impacts of climate change. The greenhouse gas emissions from humankind are driving at its’ highest level in history. If we don’t reduce the carbon dioxide, we will surpass a 3 degrees Celsius increase in average temperature this century. This is a severe problem as the sea level rise and more extreme weather events occur. As a solution, it requires international cooperation to help the most vulnerable countries move toward a low-carbon economy.

Se kildebildet

Picture borrowed from Topnews.net

When it comes to decreasing extreme gas emissions we can all contribute travelling by train, tram or bus. The fewer cars on the road, the more it reduces pollution. Regardless, public transport is more economic than owning and operating a car.

Let us not forget life below water. Close to 3 billion people depend on marine resources for their livelihoods, and fisheries employ more than 200 million people. If 300 million tonnes of plastic waste continue to be produced every year, a lot of it poured in the ocean, we could by 2050 expect more plastic than fish in our common deep waters. As a consequence, we must intensify our plastic recycling system. In 2008 the United Nations declared June 8th to be the official World Oceans day. Now, with the sea facing more threats than ever, it is a great measure to prevent plastic debris from leaking.

Se kildebildet

Picture borrowed from Sott.net

High School graduates against plastic waste here in Norway would be a nice opportunity to clean local beaches and this way improve the nearby environment. It is time for all of us to come together to protect our treasured marine habitat.

Sources:

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2018/06/world-oceans-day-2018-focus-cleaning-plastic-oceans/

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/oceans/

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/climate-change-2/

http://www.un.org/en/events/oceansday/